Union County, OH

County

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2020 Population
57,871
2.05% 1-year growth
US Senator
Sherrod Brown
Democratic Party
US Senator
Rob Portman
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
38.1
0.263% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
5.17%
12.2% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$88,565
2.13% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$220,300
8.1% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Union County, OH had a population of 57.9k people with a median age of 38.1 and a median household income of $88,565. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Union County, OH grew from 56,707 to 57,871, a 2.05% increase and its median household income grew from $86,715 to $88,565, a 2.13% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, OH are White (Non-Hispanic) (88.9%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.18%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.42%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.2%), and White (Hispanic) (1.43%).

None of the households in Union County, OH reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.2% of the residents in Union County, OH are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Union County, OH was $220,300, and the homeownership rate was 80.1%.

Most people in Union County, OH drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, OH was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Union County, OH is home to a population of 57.9k people, from which 98.2% are citizens. As of 2020, 4.46% of Union County, OH residents were born outside of the country (2.58k people).

In 2020, there were 21.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (51.4k people) in Union County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.42k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 1.4k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.2%
2020 Citizenship
97.8%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 98.2% of Union County, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, OH was 97.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, OH
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    51.4k ± 120
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    2.42k ± 207
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    1.4k ± 160
1.85%
Hispanic Population
1.07k people

In 2020, there were 21.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (51.4k people) in Union County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.42k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 1.4k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.85% of the people in Union County, OH are hispanic (1.07k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, OH as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.46%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
2.58k people
4.4%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
2.5k people

As of 2020, 4.46% of Union County, OH residents (2.58k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, OH was 4.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,046 ± 231
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    736 ± 247
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    451 ± 178

Union County, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.42 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Union County, OH employs 29.5k people. The largest industries in Union County, OH are Manufacturing (5,872 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,790 people), and Retail Trade (2,549 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($109,661), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($83,841), and Utilities ($81,615).

Occupations

29.5k
2020 Value
± 1,307
2.2%
1 Year growth
± 5.86%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, OH grew at a rate of 2.2%, from 28.9k employees to 29.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,004 people), Management Occupations (3,477 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,437 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, OH.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

29.5k
2020 Value
± 1,307
2.2%
1 Year growth
± 5.86%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Union County, OH grew at a rate of 2.2%, from 28.9k employees to 29.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, OH, are Manufacturing (5,872 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,790 people), and Retail Trade (2,549 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, OH, though some of these residents may live in Union County, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$61,036
Median earning men ± $1,733
$39,429
Median earning women ± $3,618

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($91,395), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($89,094), and Public Administration ($71,111).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($58,993), Public Administration ($48,970), and Wholesale Trade ($46,191).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Ohio. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Ohio.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 319
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  2. 301
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. 236
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $57.8B
  2. $53.5B
  3. $52.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Machinery with $57.8B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($53.5B) and Mixed freight ($52.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio.
$685B
2020 Value in Ohio
$1.25T
Projected 2050 Value in Ohio
81.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Ohio trade was $685B. This is expected to increase 81.7% to $1.25T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $46.1B
  2. $39.9B
  3. $32.3B

In 2020, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $46.1B, followed by Indiana with $39.9B and Pennsylvania and $32.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, OH went to Donald J. Trump with 64.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (33.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.6%).

Sherrod Brown and Rob Portman are the senators currently representing the state of Ohio. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Ohio is currently represented by 16 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Ohio

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Sherrod Brown
Senator from Ohio1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Rob Portman
Senator from Ohio3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Sherrod Brown and Rob Portman are the senators currently representing Ohio.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Ohio over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Ohio

Ohio is currently represented by 16 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Ohio have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Measure

In 2020, 0.598% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.606% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (3.02M), Some college (2.03M), and Bachelors Degree (1.54M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Union County, OH was $220,300 in 2020, which is 0.959 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $203,800 to $220,300, a 8.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, OH is 80.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Union County, OH have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Union County, OH is $88,565. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, OH was Census Tract 506.01 with a value of $168,304, followed by Census Tract 503.03 and Census Tract 506.02, with respective values of $106,701 and $87,989.

Property

$220,300
Median Property Value 2020
±$6,069
$16,576
Median Property Taxes
±$823

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Union County, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

80.1%
Homeownership
2020
68.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 80.1% of the housing units in Union County, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 78.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Union County, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 506.01
  2. Census Tract 503.03
  3. Census Tract 506.02

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, OH was Census Tract 506.01 with a value of $168,304, followed by Census Tract 503.03 and Census Tract 506.02, with respective values of $106,701 and $87,989.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$88,565
Median Household Income
± $4,056
20.7k
Number of Households
± 1,036

In 2020, the median household income of the 20.7k households in Union County, OH grew to $88,565 from the previous year's value of $86,715.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, OH is from Ohio.
0.457
2020 Wage GINI in Ohio
0.46
2019 Wage GINI in Ohio

In 2020, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.751% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (81.4%)
  2. Worked At Home (11.2%)
  3. Carpooled (5.37%)

In 2020, 81.4% of workers in Union County, OH drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (11.2%) and those who carpooled to work (5.37%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, OH have a shorter commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.64% of the workforce in Union County, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, OH have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

5.17% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, OH (2.82k out of 54.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 75+.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, OH is White, followed by Two Or More and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

95.4% of the population of Union County, OH has health coverage, with 66.6% on employee plans, 9.06% on Medicaid, 9.83% on Medicare, 8.61% on non-group plans, and 1.31% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Ohio was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Union County, OH see 2142 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.73% increase from the previous year (2026 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2809 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 766 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.1% were men and 49.9% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Ohio. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Ohio, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,142 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, OH

Primary care physicians in Union County, OH see an average of 2,142 patients per year. This represents a 5.73% increase from the previous year (2,026 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, OH in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Ohio across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 27.4% under 18 years, 18.3% between 18 and 34 years, 41.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.1% were men and 49.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.59%
Uninsured
66.6%
Employer Coverage
9.06%
Medicaid
9.83%
Medicare
8.61%
Non-Group
1.31%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, OH declined by 13.5% from 5.31% to 4.59%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 47.6 in Union County, OH.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, OH.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 34.9% in Union County, OH.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, OH.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 5.36% in Union County, OH.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, OH.

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